Oranges are classical fruits they are tasty and nutritious. The orange is the POPULAR FRUIT of various Citrus species in the Family of Rutaceae . it primarily refers to Citrus sinensis which is also called the sweet orange, to distinguish it from the related orange species – Citrus aurantium referred to as bitter orange.
The orange is a hybrid between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata). The chloroplast genome, and therefore the maternal line, is that of pomelo. The sweet orange has had its full genome sequenced. most of people prefer the sweet oranges . Oranges as all fruits contains Sugar Fructose not glucose . fructose is a healthy sugar variety . not causing Diabetes .
The orange originated in a region comprising SOUTHERN CHINA SOUTHEAST INDIA and MYANMAR and the earliest mention of the sweet orange was in the Chinese literature in 314 BC. As of 1987, orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world.[ Orange trees are widely grown in the tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit. The fruit of the orange tree can be eaten fresh,as fruit salads with other fruits or processed for its juice or fragrant peel. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus fruit production.
In 2017, 73 million Tonnes of oranges were grown worldwide, with Brazil producing 24% of the world total, followed by China and India.
one regular Orange has –
- 60 calories.
- No fat or sodium.
- 3 grams of fiber.
- 12 grams of sugar.
- 1 gram of protein.
- 14 micrograms of vitamin A.
- 70 milligrams of vitamin C.
- 6% of daily recommended amount of calcium.
Health Benefits of Oranges
The vitamin C in oranges helps your body in lots of ways:
- Protects your cells from damage
- Helps your body make a protein Collagen that heals wounds
- Makes it easier to absorb iron
- Boosts your immune system It is your body’s defense against germs
- Slows the advance of age-related m (AMD), a leading macalar degeneration cause of vision impairment
When you’re feeling anxious, vitamin C can also lower your levels of the stress hormone cortisol and your blood pressure
Some other benefits:-
Anti-inflammatory. Some foods tell your immune system it’s under attack. This causes inflammation. When inflammation occurs turns into a long-term problem, it can trigger diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease. Oranges have the opposite effect.
Fiber. The 3 grams of fiber in a medium orange help keep your bowels healthy, your cholesterol low, and ulcers at bay. Fiber also slows the way your body absorbs sugar — a big bonus if you have diabetes.
Calcium. Oranges are high in this important nutrient, which keeps your bones, organs, and muscles strong.
Folate for moms and babies. Oranges are a great way to get a big dose of folate naturally. Your body uses it to divide cells and make DNA. Because it helps prevent birth defects, it’s an especially important B vitamin for pregnant women.
Good sugar- The 12 grams of sugar in an orange are all natural. it is Fructose That’s different from the kind of sugar you’d get in a candy bar. Plus, all the fiber, Vitamins and Antioxidants which protects the cells from free radicals and maintain younger appearance that come with an orange make it a much better choice for your body. Choose raw oranges, which have less sugar than the dried kind.
Potassium This nutrient lowers your blood pressure, and oranges have a bunch of it